Eswatini (Swaziland)

The tiny southern African kingdom of Eswatini is crippled with HIV/AIDS and economically dependent on South Africa. Vocal demands for multiparty democracy have been ignored.


Geography:

Mainly high plateaus and mountains. 

Rolling grasslands and low scrub plains to the east. 

Pine forests on western border.

Climate:

Temperatures rise and rainfall declines as the land descends eastward, from high to low grassy veld.

People & Society:

One of Africa’s most conservative states, though there is pressure from urban-based modernizers. 

Political system promotes Swazi tradition and is dominated by powerful monarchy. 

Women face discrimination. 

Swaziland has world’s highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS: chastity is urged to combat its spread.

Economy:

Sugarcane is the main cash crop. 

Wood pulp and soft drink concentrates are also exported. 

Loss of workforce to HIV/AIDS, and high cost of health care.

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