Tonga is an archipelago of 170 islands in the South Pacific. Only 45 of these islands are inhabited. The king’s powers have been challenged: democratic reforms are promised for 2010.


Easterly islands are generally low and fertile. 

Those in the west are higher and volcanic in origin.  


Tropical oceanic. 

Temperatures range between 68°F (20°C) and 86°F (30°C) all year round. 

Heavy rainfall, especially February–March.

People & Society:

Tonga is the last remaining Polynesian monarchy. 

All land belongs to the crown, but is administered by nobles who allot it to the common people. 

Respect for traditional values is high, though younger, Westernized Tongans are starting to question some attitudes. 


Squashes and vanilla exported. 


Potential for tourism and fisheries.