Uganda

Landlocked in east Africa, Uganda has a history of ethnic strife. Under President Museveni, steps have been taken to restore peace and to rebuild the economy and democracy.


Geography:

Predominantly a large plateau with the Ruwenzori mountain range and the Great Rift Valley in the west. 

Lake Victoria lies to the southeast. 

Vegetation is of savanna type.

Climate:

Altitude and the influence of the lakes modify the equatorial climate. 

Rain falls throughout the year; spring is the wettest period.

People & Society:

The mostly rural population comprises some 13 main ethnic groups. 

President Museveni has worked hard to break down ethnic animosities, but a noticeable north–south divide persists, with most development in the south. 

After two decades of brutal conflict with northern rebels, a final peace deal has been mediated but not yet signed; many refugees have returned home. 

Economy:

Resource-rich, but undeveloped and poor. 

Exports coffee, fish, tea, and flowers. 

Oil exploration. 

Hydroelectric power is reducing oil imports. 

Great potential from mining. 

Debt relief.

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