Uruguay

Situated in southeastern South America, Uruguay returned to civilian government in 1985, after 12 years of military rule. Most land is used for farming: Uruguay is a major wool exporter.


Geography:

Low, rolling grasslands cover 80% of the country. 

Narrow coastal plain. 

Alluvial floodplain in southwest. 

Five rivers flow westward and drain into the Uruguay River.

Climate:

Temperate throughout the country. 

Warm summers, mild winters, and moderate rainfall.

People & Society:

Uruguayans are largely second-or third-generation Italians or Spaniards. 

Wealth derived from cattle ranching enabled the country to establish the first welfare state in South America. 

Despite economic decline since the 1950s, a large, if less prosperous, middle class remains. 

Though a Roman Catholic country, Uruguay is liberal in its attitude to religion and all forms are tolerated.

Economy:

Exports wool, meat, hides, rice, wood, soya.

 Mineral potential.

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